The Timeless Way of Building eBook µ The Timeless

The Timeless Way of Building eBook µ The Timeless

The Timeless Way of Building [PDF / Epub] ✅ The Timeless Way of Building ⚣ Christopher W. Alexander – Capitalsoftworks.co.uk چرا انسانها در طی سده ها زیستن و و ساختن در کره زمین، تا پیش از روزگار جدید، بناها و شهر هایی پدیدآورده اند که ه چرا انسانها Way of PDF/EPUB ì در طی سده ها زیستن و و ساختن The Timeless Epub / در کره زمین، تا پیش از روزگار جدید، بناها و شهر Timeless Way of PDF ´ هایی پدیدآورده اند که هک زیباتر و هم کارآمدتر، بناها و شهرهایی آرامش بخش و دلنشین و منسجم و همساز با طبیعت، بناها و شهرهایی متناسب با همه شئون زندگی و کار و حیات جمعی و فردی انسان؟ چرا در روزگاری که نه آرشیتکتی به معنای امروزی در کار بود و نه شهر ساز، نه طرح جامع و تفصیلی برای شهر ها تهیه می شد و نه معماران تحصیلات آکادمیک داشتند، چنان مکان ها نیکو پدید می آمد؟ چرا امروز ما از چنین کاری درمانده ایم و آن توانایی را از دست داده ایم؟ چرا همه تدبیرهای انسان امروزی برای ساماندهی و نظام بخشی به وضع معماری و مکان سازی خرد و کلان نتیجه نامطلوب به بار می آورد؟کریستوفر الکساندر در این کتاب بر آن است که پیش از روزگار جدید، آنچه بناها و شهرهای نیکو پدید می آورد نه قوانین معماری و شهر سازی، بلکه زبان مشترک بود مردم، در هر فرهنگ، زبان ساختن مشترکی داشتند این زبان زا همه می دانستند، اما اهل پیشه معماری با ظرایف آن آشناتر بودند این زبان واژه هایی داشت به نام اگو الگو هم رویدادها را شامل می شد و هم بر مشخصه های کالبدی که آن رویدادها را در آن فرهنگ به بهترین نحو متحقق می کرد این زبان نحو هم داشت، قانونی نا نوشته که رابطه میان الگوها، میان اگو ها و الگوهای فرادست و فرودست را معلوم می کرد همه مردم، در هر فرهنگ، زبان الگوی خاص خود را می دانستند از این رو، با یکدیگر هم زبان بودند این زبان مشترک بود که بناها و شهرها منسجم و زنده پدید می آوردبرای آنکه دوباره بتوانیم بناها و شهر های زنده بسازیم که چون موجودات زنده حیات داشته باشند و به محیط و بهره برداران از خود پاسخی طبیعی بدهند، باید دوباره زبانهای آلگوی مشترک بسازیم الکساندر می کوشد راه ساختن زبان الگوی معماری و شهر در این روزگار را نشان دهد همراه با مقدمه ای از دکتر مهدی حجت.


10 thoughts on “The Timeless Way of Building

  1. David Schaafsma David Schaafsma says:

    My friend and poet Jen urged me to read this telling me it is one of her favorite and most influential books It was written over fourteen years in the sixties and seventies published in 1979 and has the feel of a back to the garden romanticism That sounds like I am dismissive of it which isn't true It just feels like what he said then is almost hopelessly truer today Other books like it include Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert Pirsig or Seeing Like a State by James Scott books that essentially show you how bureaucracy moves us away from organic approaches to living Alexander's book is about architecture but it can be applied to anything The making of anything like my friend Jen's poetryAlexander looks at the uality with no name that he finds makes buildings alive a uality connected to human need to beauty to interdependence to nature He sees contemporary architectural philosophy and practice as cut off from human beings from nature His is a stripped down approach that might best be described as a Zen or Taoist way of life He includes than a hundred illustrative photographs from various sources usually unexplained I resist some of his romantic universalist claims for timeless ualities rooted in a common language but I appreciate his organic approach his resistance to acontextual standardized approaches to the world My own world the world of the classroom suffers from assumptions people have about standardized assessment and an idea that democracy somehow implies we have to treat everyone the same way and make them all read and study precisely the same things at the same time A robotic approach that denies individual differences and at the same time resists any notion of community The world seems to have forgotten about principles of interdependence This book is a reminder


  2. Robert Robert says:

    I found this book both wonderful and a bit frightening The book is not a literary masterpiece by any stretch of the imagination but the images it paints in the mind are uite beautiful in its discussion of what we use to be and what we've lost As a designer I find Alexander's proposed solution a bit scary as it reject contemporary architecture practices almost completely even after 40 years of publication But the ideas behind that rejection about architecture being a common language and direct reflection of human nature and society are incredibly intriguing The concepts in this book could easily be applied to other professions and problems Overall this is one of the few books that I borrowed and immediately wanted to keep for future reference and rereading


  3. Eric Eric says:

    One of my all time favorite philosophy books It has lots and lots of picturs and the unusual feature of a fast track design that allows people to skim the book in a day I read the whole book and it made me cry and changed the way I look at everything


  4. Ash Moran Ash Moran says:

    This book is essential reading for anyone involved in making things for use by other human beings Part Taoist philosophy of architecture part systems thinking for the way people and the spaces they inhabit interact it explains why some places are vibrant and alive others decaying and dying It's impossible to look at buildings and towns the same way after reading thisAlexander's Design Patterns give a way to capture the knowledge about how parts of a system building town take their place in the whole and how to peace them together in a constructive way If you've come to Design Patterns from software development you need to read this to understand the intent of a pattern language If you've come to them from interactioninterfaceproduct design you need to read this to understand how to design and assemble something that is aliveThe Timeless Way of Building is profound moving and flowing It's almost impossible to put down


  5. عهد Aahd عهد Aahd says:

    WARNING short excerpt will followWhy is it that a book about building makes me cry every time I re read it? This isn't a book about building It's an ode to beauty and humility that speaks to the soul rather than the mind and those two combined are just the healing my heart needs and forgets to get in the midst of the rational technicality of architectural and planning thought I'm immensely grateful I studied architecture because I met pr Alexander's books and this one in particular This book is a reminder that not all designers went to architecture school and not all those who went to architecture school are designerThis is the importance of the void A person who is free and egoless starts with a void and lets the language generate the necessary forms out of this void He overcomes the need to hold onto an image the need to control the design and he is comfortable with the void and confident that the laws of nature formulated as patterns acting in his mind will together create all that is reuired


  6. Liz Liz says:

    Perhaps it should have been called 'Zen and the Art of Building' I hadn't come across this book before although I think it may be reuired reading for architecture students Having come from a design background myself I found it interestingIt's long winded and often waxes lyrical but the basic premise states that buildings are not for enhancing the egos of architects but instead they are for the people who use and live in them So far so good Alexander also reveals how the patterns of activities carried out within a building are either helped or hindered by it's architecture again fairly predictable He points out how certain buildings feel 'alive' while others are 'dead' spacesThe book goes on to explain how to achieve what Alexander calls 'the uality with no name' which brings a building even a whole city to life It's a very organic process achieved without the detailed plans normally involved in construction I love the idea of building in this way but I'm not surprised it's not widely practiced How long will the project take? How do you budget? Maybe he covers all that in one of his other books


  7. Alex Lee Alex Lee says:

    In this thoughtful book Chris Alexander takes an approach to architecture that understands it through the filter of human and non human agency He understands that the most useful buildings are ones that are created by the maximization of agency of the people involved with the utilization of language based patterns that we inhabit to organize our behavior He writes this book almost as if talking in a dream Reading this book is a visceral experience of stepping into the a showerIt's uite a masterful work one that deals with the aesthetics of embodiedness rather than the mundane but necessary considerations of budgeting and so on In a way this a book of one who is entering a mastery of the craft where the detailed considerations fall to the wayside as the considerations of that pure level of agency come into full consideration Alexander's method is meditative and thoughtful one that seems geared towards his process of consideration and his familiarity with the pattern languages that he utilizes than anything else What I find most interesting in this book is that he utilizes spaces from other cultures all the while remarking that such patterns are built into our native language Are they then really a function of our cultural mind? He suggests we know this intuitively and yet most people cannot build accordingly as buildings cannot be formed from a poverty of our languaged patterns So that seems like a big epistemological cultural hole But at the same time his thoughts are so compelling you want to believe in them That there is a potentially rich environment of knowledge and consideration that we can dig from only if we were in tune with itIt's no surprise then that he originates in the Berkeley area as San Francisco is the hotbed of such hippy mysticism Still there's something to be said for his approach and his method which takes a much less mechanical view of building We should gear our use appropriately to the individuals for whom a building should embody Our culture is impoverished due to the fragmentation of disciplines and the jealous guardians who don't want to share with their economic competitors In a very real way he is talking about Taoism I look forward to reading of his work


  8. Stephan Renkens Stephan Renkens says:

    The Timeless Way of Building got a recommendation in an IT book In Head First Design Patterns the Freemans tell that the concept of Design Patterns was not coming from the Gang of Four or even the IT world It stemmed from architecture This rose my interest To be honest in the book of Christopher Alexander I found only weak links between the design patterns of city building and architecture on the on hand and the concept with the same name from the IT world Both can be seen as building blocs if you look at it from a static point of view yet if you look at it as tools to cope with dynamism and change there are in my opinion many Christopher Alexander is looking in his book for the uality without a name ie that uality sometimes called “alive” “whole” “comfortable” “free” or “eternal” that makes that a city neighborhood house or room feel good to live in and which make the difference between sanity and illness between life and dead This is a very appealing idea and indeed I know also places where I want to stay and others I want to run away from The author claims that people in earlier times used to know how to make living buildings because they had a language to make them a pattern language Patterns are both a set of elements defining activity and space and a set of rules to make them Patterns are also repeated in endless variation In early days these rules were simple and everybody new them For instance every farmer knew to make a barn and applied for it a standard set of patterns This way rooms buildings villages and towns grew organically generated indirectly from the pattern language just like a living being is generated from its genetic codeThe author denounces the way towns are planned nowadays and how houses are first conceived on the drawing table Industrial society broke down the relationship between the act of building and de use of the building the creation of professionals making themselves indispensable and rendering people having lost their intuition and sense of judgment The pattern language has become one of artificial forms based on control Urban design mass production and the passing of laws to keep control have rendered an unstable resultAlexander states that the central task of architecture should instead be the creation of a single shared evolving pattern language In this respect a pattern is a context a problem to be solved within this context and a solution to the problem It is a relationship which allows fighting forces to resolve and instructions showing how A pattern is inadeuate if forces do not get resolved and tension remains The author gives many examples on how this works on the level of building a town a neighborhood a house a roomThe author also tells about the process of construction Nothing is drawn no standard components are used It starts with walking in space discussing sharing the patterns in a gradually shared language imagination Then build it in the same way as it was designed No drawing table no standard components After the construction a continuous process of repair starts fixing what is wrong filling gaps The core idea of this way of building is this way there is no room for ego All grows organically nothing is created by decision or designHaving come to this point I’m left with many uestions No ego All right Then I recall all the nice buildings and sceneries the author shows in the many nice black and white pictures in the book rooms buildings landscapes and townscapes from a long time ago when people allegedly still knew the right pattern language and this timeless egoless way of building Even cathedrals were built that way Alexander claims This makes me suspicious Ego conflict and dominance is from all times The builders of cathedrals for sure had an ego and many very nice ancient gardens townships and castles which for me have “the uality without a name” for sure were built by architects who wanted to be remembered and who were paid by people knowing nothing about the act of building Also chapter 22 the book tells about the “timeless” conception of a mental health care system citing Dr Ryan the chief psychiatrist all the time Not really egoless in all respect Finally the book itself is far from egolessFor this very reason I have very mixed feelings about the book While there are many beautiful passages in it after all I have the hunch that it is one big lie While for sure there is such a thing as a “uality without a name” I’m not convinced of the recipe to obtain it except maybe the process of continuous repair which would be then the ultimate way to get rid of the negative impact of ego on building


  9. Greenmtngirl Greenmtngirl says:

    Alexander's books are as much about community what it is what it might be in other times and places what it could be as they are about architecture Here's one of my favorite passages from The Timeless Way of BuildingThere is a central uality which is the root criterion of life and spirit of a person a town a building or a wilderness This uality is objective and precise but it cannot be named The search which we make for this uality in our own lives is the central search of a person and the crux of any individual person's story It is the search for those moments and situations when we are most alive In order to define this uality in buildings and in towns we must begin by understanding that every place is given its character by certain patterns of events that keep on happening there These patterns of events are always interlocked with certain geometric patterns in the space Indeed as we shall see each building and each town is ultimately made out of these patterns in the space and out of nothing else They are atoms and molecules from which a building or town is made The specific patterns out of which a building or a town is made may be alive or dead To the extent they are alive they let our inner forces loose and set us free; but when they are dead they keep us locked in conflict The living patterns there are in a place—a room a building or a town—the it comes to life as an entirety the it glows the it has that self maintaining fire which is the uality without a nameAlexander's ideas resonate with me even though they might appear out of date or hearkening back to the 70s when the books were published His writing is both clear and graceful As a non architect I sometimes find it hard to keep my feet in a book that is primarily about community planning and buildings but I've found these books worth the work


  10. Owen Brush Owen Brush says:

    If I were to summarize this book in a single sentence I would say that it applies taoist philosophy to architecture However that is not giving either this book or taoism the the attention they deserveThe Timeless Way of Building describes a natural way of building However when I say this I do not mean natural in terms of materials or aesthetics or even neccisarily the methods of construction But rather in an aproach to design and building that creates living environments The Timeless way describes a way of building where one recognizes the underlying forces at play within an environment whether it be the need for people to get from one place to another the need for privacy social spaces ect and to then identify the patterns of behaviour and space that are neccisary to allow these forces to be resolved The result is then a language of patterns that describe the ualities and aspects that are neccisary for an environment to foster the life in and around it Using these pattern languages as a blueprint one can then create environments that are similiar in their nature but also different in that they are perfectly suited to a particular place and particular inhabitants Like branches of a tree each one grows in the best way possible to contribute to the wellbeing of the tree


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10 thoughts on “The Timeless Way of Building

  1. David Schaafsma David Schaafsma says:

    My friend and poet Jen urged me to read this telling me it is one of her favorite and most influential books It was written over fourteen years in the sixties and seventies published in 1979 and has the feel of a back to the garden romanticism That sounds like I am dismissive of it which isn't true It just feels like what he said then is almost hopelessly truer today Other books like it include Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert Pirsig or Seeing Like a State by James Scott books that essentially show you how bureaucracy moves us away from organic approaches to living Alexander's book is about architecture but it can be applied to anything The making of anything like my friend Jen's poetryAlexander looks at the uality with no name that he finds makes buildings alive a uality connected to human need to beauty to interdependence to nature He sees contemporary architectural philosophy and practice as cut off from human beings from nature His is a stripped down approach that might best be described as a Zen or Taoist way of life He includes than a hundred illustrative photographs from various sources usually unexplained I resist some of his romantic universalist claims for timeless ualities rooted in a common language but I appreciate his organic approach his resistance to acontextual standardized approaches to the world My own world the world of the classroom suffers from assumptions people have about standardized assessment and an idea that democracy somehow implies we have to treat everyone the same way and make them all read and study precisely the same things at the same time A robotic approach that denies individual differences and at the same time resists any notion of community The world seems to have forgotten about principles of interdependence This book is a reminder

  2. Robert Robert says:

    I found this book both wonderful and a bit frightening The book is not a literary masterpiece by any stretch of the imagination but the images it paints in the mind are uite beautiful in its discussion of what we use to be and what we've lost As a designer I find Alexander's proposed solution a bit scary as it reject contemporary architecture practices almost completely even after 40 years of publication But the ideas behind that rejection about architecture being a common language and direct reflection of human nature and society are incredibly intriguing The concepts in this book could easily be applied to other professions and problems Overall this is one of the few books that I borrowed and immediately wanted to keep for future reference and rereading

  3. Eric Eric says:

    One of my all time favorite philosophy books It has lots and lots of picturs and the unusual feature of a fast track design that allows people to skim the book in a day I read the whole book and it made me cry and changed the way I look at everything

  4. Ash Moran Ash Moran says:

    This book is essential reading for anyone involved in making things for use by other human beings Part Taoist philosophy of architecture part systems thinking for the way people and the spaces they inhabit interact it explains why some places are vibrant and alive others decaying and dying It's impossible to look at buildings and towns the same way after reading thisAlexander's Design Patterns give a way to capture the knowledge about how parts of a system building town take their place in the whole and how to peace them together in a constructive way If you've come to Design Patterns from software development you need to read this to understand the intent of a pattern language If you've come to them from interactioninterfaceproduct design you need to read this to understand how to design and assemble something that is aliveThe Timeless Way of Building is profound moving and flowing It's almost impossible to put down

  5. عهد Aahd عهد Aahd says:

    WARNING short excerpt will followWhy is it that a book about building makes me cry every time I re read it? This isn't a book about building It's an ode to beauty and humility that speaks to the soul rather than the mind and those two combined are just the healing my heart needs and forgets to get in the midst of the rational technicality of architectural and planning thought I'm immensely grateful I studied architecture because I met pr Alexander's books and this one in particular This book is a reminder that not all designers went to architecture school and not all those who went to architecture school are designerThis is the importance of the void A person who is free and egoless starts with a void and lets the language generate the necessary forms out of this void He overcomes the need to hold onto an image the need to control the design and he is comfortable with the void and confident that the laws of nature formulated as patterns acting in his mind will together create all that is reuired

  6. Liz Liz says:

    Perhaps it should have been called 'Zen and the Art of Building' I hadn't come across this book before although I think it may be reuired reading for architecture students Having come from a design background myself I found it interestingIt's long winded and often waxes lyrical but the basic premise states that buildings are not for enhancing the egos of architects but instead they are for the people who use and live in them So far so good Alexander also reveals how the patterns of activities carried out within a building are either helped or hindered by it's architecture again fairly predictable He points out how certain buildings feel 'alive' while others are 'dead' spacesThe book goes on to explain how to achieve what Alexander calls 'the uality with no name' which brings a building even a whole city to life It's a very organic process achieved without the detailed plans normally involved in construction I love the idea of building in this way but I'm not surprised it's not widely practiced How long will the project take? How do you budget? Maybe he covers all that in one of his other books

  7. Alex Lee Alex Lee says:

    In this thoughtful book Chris Alexander takes an approach to architecture that understands it through the filter of human and non human agency He understands that the most useful buildings are ones that are created by the maximization of agency of the people involved with the utilization of language based patterns that we inhabit to organize our behavior He writes this book almost as if talking in a dream Reading this book is a visceral experience of stepping into the a showerIt's uite a masterful work one that deals with the aesthetics of embodiedness rather than the mundane but necessary considerations of budgeting and so on In a way this a book of one who is entering a mastery of the craft where the detailed considerations fall to the wayside as the considerations of that pure level of agency come into full consideration Alexander's method is meditative and thoughtful one that seems geared towards his process of consideration and his familiarity with the pattern languages that he utilizes than anything else What I find most interesting in this book is that he utilizes spaces from other cultures all the while remarking that such patterns are built into our native language Are they then really a function of our cultural mind? He suggests we know this intuitively and yet most people cannot build accordingly as buildings cannot be formed from a poverty of our languaged patterns So that seems like a big epistemological cultural hole But at the same time his thoughts are so compelling you want to believe in them That there is a potentially rich environment of knowledge and consideration that we can dig from only if we were in tune with itIt's no surprise then that he originates in the Berkeley area as San Francisco is the hotbed of such hippy mysticism Still there's something to be said for his approach and his method which takes a much less mechanical view of building We should gear our use appropriately to the individuals for whom a building should embody Our culture is impoverished due to the fragmentation of disciplines and the jealous guardians who don't want to share with their economic competitors In a very real way he is talking about Taoism I look forward to reading of his work

  8. Stephan Renkens Stephan Renkens says:

    The Timeless Way of Building got a recommendation in an IT book In Head First Design Patterns the Freemans tell that the concept of Design Patterns was not coming from the Gang of Four or even the IT world It stemmed from architecture This rose my interest To be honest in the book of Christopher Alexander I found only weak links between the design patterns of city building and architecture on the on hand and the concept with the same name from the IT world Both can be seen as building blocs if you look at it from a static point of view yet if you look at it as tools to cope with dynamism and change there are in my opinion many Christopher Alexander is looking in his book for the uality without a name ie that uality sometimes called “alive” “whole” “comfortable” “free” or “eternal” that makes that a city neighborhood house or room feel good to live in and which make the difference between sanity and illness between life and dead This is a very appealing idea and indeed I know also places where I want to stay and others I want to run away from The author claims that people in earlier times used to know how to make living buildings because they had a language to make them a pattern language Patterns are both a set of elements defining activity and space and a set of rules to make them Patterns are also repeated in endless variation In early days these rules were simple and everybody new them For instance every farmer knew to make a barn and applied for it a standard set of patterns This way rooms buildings villages and towns grew organically generated indirectly from the pattern language just like a living being is generated from its genetic codeThe author denounces the way towns are planned nowadays and how houses are first conceived on the drawing table Industrial society broke down the relationship between the act of building and de use of the building the creation of professionals making themselves indispensable and rendering people having lost their intuition and sense of judgment The pattern language has become one of artificial forms based on control Urban design mass production and the passing of laws to keep control have rendered an unstable resultAlexander states that the central task of architecture should instead be the creation of a single shared evolving pattern language In this respect a pattern is a context a problem to be solved within this context and a solution to the problem It is a relationship which allows fighting forces to resolve and instructions showing how A pattern is inadeuate if forces do not get resolved and tension remains The author gives many examples on how this works on the level of building a town a neighborhood a house a roomThe author also tells about the process of construction Nothing is drawn no standard components are used It starts with walking in space discussing sharing the patterns in a gradually shared language imagination Then build it in the same way as it was designed No drawing table no standard components After the construction a continuous process of repair starts fixing what is wrong filling gaps The core idea of this way of building is this way there is no room for ego All grows organically nothing is created by decision or designHaving come to this point I’m left with many uestions No ego All right Then I recall all the nice buildings and sceneries the author shows in the many nice black and white pictures in the book rooms buildings landscapes and townscapes from a long time ago when people allegedly still knew the right pattern language and this timeless egoless way of building Even cathedrals were built that way Alexander claims This makes me suspicious Ego conflict and dominance is from all times The builders of cathedrals for sure had an ego and many very nice ancient gardens townships and castles which for me have “the uality without a name” for sure were built by architects who wanted to be remembered and who were paid by people knowing nothing about the act of building Also chapter 22 the book tells about the “timeless” conception of a mental health care system citing Dr Ryan the chief psychiatrist all the time Not really egoless in all respect Finally the book itself is far from egolessFor this very reason I have very mixed feelings about the book While there are many beautiful passages in it after all I have the hunch that it is one big lie While for sure there is such a thing as a “uality without a name” I’m not convinced of the recipe to obtain it except maybe the process of continuous repair which would be then the ultimate way to get rid of the negative impact of ego on building

  9. Greenmtngirl Greenmtngirl says:

    Alexander's books are as much about community what it is what it might be in other times and places what it could be as they are about architecture Here's one of my favorite passages from The Timeless Way of BuildingThere is a central uality which is the root criterion of life and spirit of a person a town a building or a wilderness This uality is objective and precise but it cannot be named The search which we make for this uality in our own lives is the central search of a person and the crux of any individual person's story It is the search for those moments and situations when we are most alive In order to define this uality in buildings and in towns we must begin by understanding that every place is given its character by certain patterns of events that keep on happening there These patterns of events are always interlocked with certain geometric patterns in the space Indeed as we shall see each building and each town is ultimately made out of these patterns in the space and out of nothing else They are atoms and molecules from which a building or town is made The specific patterns out of which a building or a town is made may be alive or dead To the extent they are alive they let our inner forces loose and set us free; but when they are dead they keep us locked in conflict The living patterns there are in a place—a room a building or a town—the it comes to life as an entirety the it glows the it has that self maintaining fire which is the uality without a nameAlexander's ideas resonate with me even though they might appear out of date or hearkening back to the 70s when the books were published His writing is both clear and graceful As a non architect I sometimes find it hard to keep my feet in a book that is primarily about community planning and buildings but I've found these books worth the work

  10. Owen Brush Owen Brush says:

    If I were to summarize this book in a single sentence I would say that it applies taoist philosophy to architecture However that is not giving either this book or taoism the the attention they deserveThe Timeless Way of Building describes a natural way of building However when I say this I do not mean natural in terms of materials or aesthetics or even neccisarily the methods of construction But rather in an aproach to design and building that creates living environments The Timeless way describes a way of building where one recognizes the underlying forces at play within an environment whether it be the need for people to get from one place to another the need for privacy social spaces ect and to then identify the patterns of behaviour and space that are neccisary to allow these forces to be resolved The result is then a language of patterns that describe the ualities and aspects that are neccisary for an environment to foster the life in and around it Using these pattern languages as a blueprint one can then create environments that are similiar in their nature but also different in that they are perfectly suited to a particular place and particular inhabitants Like branches of a tree each one grows in the best way possible to contribute to the wellbeing of the tree

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