La ciudad y los perros PDF ☆ ciudad y los PDF

La ciudad y los perros PDF ☆ ciudad y los PDF



10 thoughts on “La ciudad y los perros

  1. BlackOxford BlackOxford says:

    Lord of the Flies With GunsAs a young man I attended a federal service academy in the United States for four years So I identify with the conditions in the Peruvian equivalent that Vargas Llosa describes in excruciating detail From the universal use of nicknames half of them derogatory, the other half salacious to the continuous, and often very creative, scheming to evade and outwit authority, to the intentional promotion of sadistic and vulgar brutality in the name of camaraderie, I fin Lord of the Flies With GunsAs a young man I attended a federal service academy in the United States for four years So I identify with the conditions in the Peruvian equivalent that Vargas Llosa describes in excruciating detail From the universal use of nicknames half of them derogatory, the other half salacious to the continuous, and often very creative, scheming to evade and outwit authority, to the intentional promotion of sadistic and vulgar brutality in the name of camaraderie, I find myself re living the most painful, and painfully consequential, period of my life.A rather disturbing transformation takes place in high testosterone young males when confined together, voluntarily or not, and subjected to a highly regimented daily routine that is strictly enforced Essentially they become amoral every unregulated flaw, neurosis, or hiatus of maturity becomes exaggerated and enlarged in their resistance to a pervasive and arbitrary authority And this regardless of their religious or ethical background As Vargas Llosa has one of his characters muse about himself,Sometimes he could go for several days following a routine that made all the decisions for him, gently nudging him into actions he hardly notedI think the reason for this sort of demonic spiritual ennui lies in the deprivation of not simply physical freedom, but in the case of a military academy the insistence upon the development of an attitude of extreme social dependence The result is a kind of hypnosisThis place isn t an Academy, it s a prison,says one of its officers But not even prison puts the demand of spiritual conformity on its inmates, who are only expected to obey, not to admire, the violent ethos of their organization In the military academy one becomes a stranger not only to one s body as it is constantly stressed by activities that are meant to be tortuous, but also a stranger to one s mind which is the real target of military indoctrination As one of the officers in charge of the Peruvian academy exhorts his charges,In the army, Cadets, you ve got to have respect for symbols, damn itThis process of ideological formation continues for a full year without respite until one is expected to adopt the role of formateur , and do what was done to oneself, to others.This intensive indoctrination, which is explicitly meant to dis inhibit whatever ethical reservations one has about military service, is direct and unambiguous For example if any member of a unit screws up, all suffer And all are informed why they suffer and who is to blame The effect of collective guilt is invariable the weakest in the unit, those who typically screw up, are persecuted by the group until they measure up or leave If weakness is not found, it is fabricated in order to facilitate the system Vargas Llosa knows the routine for creating a victimHe was normal enough when he got here to the Academy, but you and the others gave him such a hard time you made an idiot out of him Both the physical and psychological therapy are carried out by those who are only slightly older andmature than those over whom one has charge These leaders have only recently undergone the same regime that they are expected to execute The only training they receive is what they have undergone as victims one or two years previously They believe, because they are taught, that it is their duty to become figures of unpredictable and sadistic authority to those subordinate to themselves Not infrequently, given a lack of experience, judgement, and conscience, their sadism becomes literal and is carried beyond the merely symbolic And since there are severe restrictions on the access of adults experienced officers who could supervise the application of punishments to the barracks, it is not unusual for discipline to get grossly out of hand As one of the protagonists points outThe officers don t know anything about what goes on in the barracksThey are absentee warders who prefer not to know the details of barracks life lest they be held accountable The lunatics do run the asylum.Vargas Llosa captures this unique and uniquely primitive sociology of barely controlled violence so accurately that it gives me flashbacks I have no idea whether conditions have altered very much in these institutions in recent decades I doubt, though, that its essential intimidation and post adolescent cruelty has been questioned To eliminate these would be to abolish its core.After a lifetime of experience in other business, academic and social institutions, I have encountered this kind of existence no where else Its purpose remains a mystery to me since any practice of its s outside its walls, even in the regular military, would be met with derision and resistance During the VietNam war, my own epoch, young, motivated West Point graduates were taught the limits of their academy ethos by fragging in the field, that is, the killing of an officer by his own men In The Time if the Hero, the inadvertent escape of the academy s threatens to destroy the entire Peruvian military As the secret of its deptavity becomes public, the entire institution is compromised.My experience suggests that the outing of the military academy is a good thing It deserves institutional criticism and castigation I have never perceived that the experience of the military academy regime is in any way useful in building what is typically called character The academy is an uncivilized existence which has no points of contact with family, business, or social life Studies have shown that success during one s academy training are entirely uncorrelated with one s advancement in the service, much less one s broader success or satisfaction in life Rather, the reason that the sociology continues to exist, to the extent that it does, is that it has existed This is known as tradition, we do it to them because it was done to us Tradition, from the Latin root tradere, a word connoting simultaneously passing on and betrayal Both Vargas Llosa and I have little doubt about which interpretation isappropriate Tradition is simply a rationalization for continuing abuse I note with considerable dismay how many of my colleagues from those long gone days support the kind of systematic political bullying of the current White House Finally, they appear to believe, they have a Commander in Chief worthy of their own training and civic ideals The effects of indoctrination are indeed penetrating and long lived.Vargas Llosa s epigram from Jean Paul Sartre neatly summarizes our common experience of the institution of the military academy and its consequences for the society that harbors itWe play the part of heroes because we re cowards, the part of saints because we re wicked we play the killer s role because we re dying to murder our fellow man we play at being because we re liars from the moment we re bornPerhaps the academy is, as Vargas Llosa implies in the way he presents his narrative alternately inside and outside its walls, merely aintense, a concentrated version, as it were, of the male dominated society that moulds it


  2. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    La ciudad y los perros The City and the Dogs The Time of the Hero, Mario Vargas Llosa The Time of the Hero is a 1963 novel by Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa, who won the Nobel Prize in 2010 It was Vargas Llosa s first novel and is set among the cadets at the Leoncio Prado Military Academy in Lima, which he attended as a teenager The novel portrays the school so scathingly that its leadership burned a large number of copies and condemned the book as Ecuadorian propaganda against Peru La ciudad y los perros The City and the Dogs The Time of the Hero, Mario Vargas Llosa The Time of the Hero is a 1963 novel by Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa, who won the Nobel Prize in 2010 It was Vargas Llosa s first novel and is set among the cadets at the Leoncio Prado Military Academy in Lima, which he attended as a teenager The novel portrays the school so scathingly that its leadership burned a large number of copies and condemned the book as Ecuadorian propaganda against Peru 2006 1382 1384 560 9643512134 20


  3. Michael Finocchiaro Michael Finocchiaro says:

    Mario Vargas Llosa s first book, based on his own experiences in a military academy, is a great read and certainly demonstrates the qualities of writing that he used later and that eventually earned him a deserved Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010 The narration is non linear and post modern in that the voice shifts from 3rd person to 1st person and the story is told from several perspectives at once What looks like a relatively simple story of revenge becomes something much bigger the condi Mario Vargas Llosa s first book, based on his own experiences in a military academy, is a great read and certainly demonstrates the qualities of writing that he used later and that eventually earned him a deserved Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010 The narration is non linear and post modern in that the voice shifts from 3rd person to 1st person and the story is told from several perspectives at once What looks like a relatively simple story of revenge becomes something much bigger the conditioning of young men into thoughtless soldiers, the appalling way that men treated women in Peru I suppose that hasn t changed , the hypocrisy of upper command which always protects reputation above everything else, the desperation of being bullied and the inevitable creation of bulliedThe primary character Alberto has incredible depth and is a rather obvious standin for Vargas Llosa himself The captain Gamboa is not the person who we think he is and is drawn out perfectly The one confusing bit to me was the focus on the Boa character and why he had an allegiance to the Jaguar This is a rather minor point however because the entire narrative is captivating There are truly moments when the reader feels he is walking in Lima and its suburbs and the descriptions of life at the academy are frankly terrifying The Leoncio Military Academy exists in real life and was so scandalized by the book that they burned 100 copies of it shen it came out.Another interesting aspect of The Time of the Hero is racism Peru was of course created from the wreckage of the Spanish conquering of the Incas by Pizarro and subsequent local wars that carved out the modern states of Columbia, Paraguay, Ecuador, and Chile When Gamboa comes to see the Jaguar in lockup, he is surprised that the boy is not a half breed like most of the kids in the Academy There is another narrative earlier in the book, although it was hard for me to understand if it concerned Alberto or the Jaguar or someone else, where the family is a bit surprised to send this apparently white kid into the academy which they perceived as being full of half breeds and savages Now, I have unfortunately never visited Peru, but I have had several Peruvian friends over the years, so I know that by half breed , they are referring to descendants of the Spanish colonists with the descendants of the various tribes that survived after the fall of the Incas There is a sense of derision whenever the poorer people from the mountains the Indians when references to them are made I recall that, indeed, there was this sense of superiority in Peruvian whites over the people with Indian origins such as the Cava who is ignominously humiliated and rejected from the school with hardly any sign of sadness or regret from his co cadets And added to this was the even worse stigma attached to people of black skin like the Slave and Verano in the academy Vargas Llosa was describing a four tiered system of prejudice with whites at the top, half breeds next down, pure Indians, and then descendants of slaves with black skin at the bottom There were also references to Chinese immigrants but they wereof a commercial nature and not really referred to in the social hierarchy Again, having no knowledge of Lima and how the neighbourhoods are populated, numerous references are made to the apparentlyaffluent Miraflores quarter with its beaches compared to the less attractive suburbs and slums from which characters like the Boa originated This is another interesting layer to the portrait that Vargas Llosa paints of the Lima of his youth.This book also reminded me of Cat and Mouse by fellow Nobel laureate Gunter Grass where Grass describes life in a Nazi Youth school Equally brutal and deadly another awesome book if you have not read it yet.I would highly recommend The Time of the Hero to fans of Vargas Llosa although it would be better to read Aunt Julia or The Feast of the Goats to get a better feel for his style before this book, because I enjoyed learning about him after reading hismature work This was my 5th book of his, but certainly not my last He is quickly rising in my favorite authors list, at least tied with Marquez now


  4. Ali Ali says:

    When ever I come to names such as Llosa , Borges , Cortazar , Fuentes I wish I knew Spanish language, as I m sure works by these authors would have a different aroma and melody in their own tongues Llosa is, for me, one of the greatest story tellers, whose works give me deliciousness in Persian as well, if it s translated by Abdollah Kowsari, for example Mario Vargas Llosa uses a highly sophisticated techniques with a very delicate language in multiple viewpoint, as if I m listening When ever I come to names such as Llosa , Borges , Cortazar , Fuentes I wish I knew Spanish language, as I m sure works by these authors would have a different aroma and melody in their own tongues Llosa is, for me, one of the greatest story tellers, whose works give me deliciousness in Persian as well, if it s translated by Abdollah Kowsari, for example Mario Vargas Llosa uses a highly sophisticated techniques with a very delicate language in multiple viewpoint, as if I m listening to Sare , my childhood story tellers whom supposed to drown me in sleep, but was keeping me awake instead Llosa takes you to a place, and while you get used to the situation, become a bit relax, he leaves you for another situation, another character in another place, force you to follow him as a sleepwalker, burning of curiosity, apprehension and restlessness, while he continue to make new situations with new chracters out of nothing, absolutely relax with a smile on his lips He doesn t explain the characters, but procreates them and leave them on your lap, and disappears


  5. Ana Ana says:

    Llosa s ability to build a world brick by brick is legendary,so because every brick is dripping in character He can describe a feeling or a look or a way of talking like no other His characters are wonderfully complex creations that populate a world so flawed, you are amazed it s still standing It took a little time to read through this work, because in typical South American fashion, his literature is complicated to digest I only recommend it to readers with patience, and who like det Llosa s ability to build a world brick by brick is legendary,so because every brick is dripping in character He can describe a feeling or a look or a way of talking like no other His characters are wonderfully complex creations that populate a world so flawed, you are amazed it s still standing It took a little time to read through this work, because in typical South American fashion, his literature is complicated to digest I only recommend it to readers with patience, and who like detailed descriptions of emotion, or are otherwise inclined to like literature in its most technical form Those readers would be rewarded with a very good story and a geniuns ending


  6. K.D. Absolutely K.D. Absolutely says:

    First published in 1963, The Time of the Hero made the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature winner, a Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa as a new promising novelist It is about the life of graduating cadets at a military school in Lima, Peru Llosa s narration is so vivid as he uses his words very carefully and takes pain in describing his characters and the scenarios You will have the feeling of being one of the cadets walking in the same corridor, performing the same drills or even standing in the dark First published in 1963, The Time of the Hero made the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature winner, a Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa as a new promising novelist It is about the life of graduating cadets at a military school in Lima, Peru Llosa s narration is so vivid as he uses his words very carefully and takes pain in describing his characters and the scenarios You will have the feeling of being one of the cadets walking in the same corridor, performing the same drills or even standing in the dark witnessing a crime or corruption but keeping your mouth shut for fear of retribution from The Circle Fear for your life Fear for failing the dreams of your poor parents of not graduating and seeing their son graduate from the prestigious yet so corrupt school.One lacking star because I did not have any, first or second hand, experience in military school All I tried to imagine while reading was the 1979 movie of the late Lino Brocka, Kadete One of the lesser known movies of the late director, the movie also tackles the the life inside the military school, Philippine Military Academy in Baguio City in the 70 s It also has flashbacks, just like in the book, of the cadets lives before joining the academy In the book my favorite was the life of Alberto particularly his humble poor family and his first sexual experience with a prostitute Not that I can relate but it was just funny.They say that to win Nobel Prize for Literature, the novelist has to write works with political messages or undertones This is true for Llosa even in his first this novel When published in 1963, the Peruvian generals burned 1,000 copies of the book and asked the government to ban it The reason It was very accurate in its depiction of what is going on inside the school The reason Llosa was a former cadet in that school so he knew what he was writing about.Overall, not a mind blowing read but it gives you a glimpse of the future Nobel laureate.Looking forward to readof Llosa in the many months or years to come Don t die yet, Mr Llosa


  7. Shaimaa Ali Shaimaa Ali says:

    Llosa has deceived me in this novel It has a very slow start, lots of characters similar to the Feast Of the Goat , going back forth I was asking myself Why am I reading all this I hate chit chatting and excessive details till I ve finished half the book and I was raging of dissatisfaction Then the second part of the novel has started and it was a drastic change I got to understand the depths of the main characters, how they became mature through the years and even after finishing thei Llosa has deceived me in this novel It has a very slow start, lots of characters similar to the Feast Of the Goat , going back forth I was asking myself Why am I reading all this I hate chit chatting and excessive details till I ve finished half the book and I was raging of dissatisfaction Then the second part of the novel has started and it was a drastic change I got to understand the depths of the main characters, how they became mature through the years and even after finishing their academic studies starting their own career Not only he managed to illustrate how tough a military academy life could be, but he also illustrated the corruption going on there On the humanitarian level, I was fascinated by that part I was thinking of one character it turned out to be totally another one In that part Llosa was like a magician..he deceived his readers, he twisted fates but he didn t forget to bring a happy ending almost to all.Llosa the fascination of storytelling


  8. Jim Jim says:

    The Time of the Hero in Spanish, The City and the Dogs is Mario Vargas Llosa s first novel, published in 1963 It is the tale of several cadets at a military academy called the Collegio Militar Leoncio Prado CMLP Halfway into the book, I was surprised to see that the CMLP actually exists When Vargas Llosa s book was published, the Academy bought and destroyed a thousand copies, because they thought only their enemies the Ecuadorians could have played such a dirty trick on them Now, fifty The Time of the Hero in Spanish, The City and the Dogs is Mario Vargas Llosa s first novel, published in 1963 It is the tale of several cadets at a military academy called the Collegio Militar Leoncio Prado CMLP Halfway into the book, I was surprised to see that the CMLP actually exists When Vargas Llosa s book was published, the Academy bought and destroyed a thousand copies, because they thought only their enemies the Ecuadorians could have played such a dirty trick on them Now, fifty years on, the CMLP s website actually brags about it The story is told from the point of view primarily of one of the cadets, Alberto Fernandez Temple He befriends a classmate named Ricardo Arana who is persecuted by the other cadets and never gets any leave time because of it Out of frustration, he turns in a fellow classmate for having stolen a chemistry exam That classmate, Cava, is drummed out of the Academy When, at the next military maneuvers, Arana is shot and killed, the books seems to plunge forward at great speed Involved is another student called only the Jaguar Things even get a little confusing, when, in the Epilogue, it seems that some of the events described earlier did not involve Alberto, although I thought they did The ending is something of a surprise, which I do not intend to spoil.Like other stories involving the military, irrespective where they were written, the officers at the Academy areintent on paving over any problems rather than confronting them directly At the end, the most sympathetic of the officers at the Academy, Lieutenant Gamboa, is forcibly transferred transferred to Juliaca in the Andes because he tried too hard to investigate the death of Arana and the misdeeds of the cadets That discomfited the commanding officers, who promptly punish him for his fanatical devotion to duty


  9. Jan-Maat Jan-Maat says:

    Novel set in a military academy, I guess in Peru, and utilising multiple points of view to tell a the story of a class of cadets and the events that include the death of one of the cadets The technique is deliberately disorienting, so much so that when I read it I couldn t succeed in distinguishing the characters the names by which they are known in school are nom de Guerre, when on leave or in a different PoV section other names, possibly those given to them by parents, are used the points Novel set in a military academy, I guess in Peru, and utilising multiple points of view to tell a the story of a class of cadets and the events that include the death of one of the cadets The technique is deliberately disorienting, so much so that when I read it I couldn t succeed in distinguishing the characters the names by which they are known in school are nom de Guerre, when on leave or in a different PoV section other names, possibly those given to them by parents, are used the points of view change without warning or signal from one paragraph to the next as far as I recall Anyway in all this mess, unsurprisingly someone had blundered view spoiler as indeed tends to happen from time to time in such institutions hide spoiler and one of the children dies


  10. David David says:

    Stunningly brilliant One of the best books I have read this year and I have had a great year.I heard many things about this book including the brutality and the sordid lives of cadets in a military school so I can t say I was eager to read But then it is Mario Vargas Llosa and this was his first book and my twentieth book of his So I began and could not put it down even when I was sick for a week For anyone who hasn t read Vargas Llosa, I would recommend this book.The characters are ve Stunningly brilliant One of the best books I have read this year and I have had a great year.I heard many things about this book including the brutality and the sordid lives of cadets in a military school so I can t say I was eager to read But then it is Mario Vargas Llosa and this was his first book and my twentieth book of his So I began and could not put it down even when I was sick for a week For anyone who hasn t read Vargas Llosa, I would recommend this book.The characters are very real very lifelike In part because it was based on his own life as a military cadet I heard a podcast with him on Writers and Company where he stated that the school was good for him because it gave him the fuel for his story not so good for him at the time because he went through so much of what was in the story Good for us because it made one great story.Alberto the hero the book in English is known as In the Time of the Hero is not always a good hero but he does have a good heart He befriends Slave and sadly sees his friend s demise in a secret world where the cadets get away with murder literally and the military leaders of the school always come up looking rosie , and if not, that military person gets a transfer to some obscure place I also heard that when Vargas Llosa won an award for his novel, the military school that the book was based on, bought 1000 copies and publicly burned them Good way to start a novelist s career.This book was written 50 years ago and introduced us to a world that still exists even today and very sad for us This book is very relevant today An amazing read


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La ciudad y los perros [PDF / Epub] ☉ La ciudad y los perros By Mario Vargas Llosa – Capitalsoftworks.co.uk En , La ciudad y los perros recib a el Premio Biblioteca Breve As comenzaba la andadura literaria de esta obra considerada una de las mejores novelas en espa ol del siglo XXLos personajes de La ciudad En , La ciudad y los perros recib y los MOBI õ a el Premio Biblioteca Breve As comenzaba la andadura literaria de esta obra considerada una de las mejores novelas en espa ol del siglo XXLos personajes de La ciudad y los perros, un grupo de j venes que se educan en una disciplina militar implacable y violenta, aprenden a sobrevivir La ciudad PDF or en un ambiente en el que est n muy arraigados los prejuicios raciales y las diferencias entre clases sociales y econ micas donde todos se muestran como no son en realidad y la transgresi n de las normas establecidas parece ser la nica salida.

10 thoughts on “La ciudad y los perros

  1. BlackOxford BlackOxford says:

    Lord of the Flies With GunsAs a young man I attended a federal service academy in the United States for four years So I identify with the conditions in the Peruvian equivalent that Vargas Llosa describes in excruciating detail From the universal use of nicknames half of them derogatory, the other half salacious to the continuous, and often very creative, scheming to evade and outwit authority, to the intentional promotion of sadistic and vulgar brutality in the name of camaraderie, I fin Lord of the Flies With GunsAs a young man I attended a federal service academy in the United States for four years So I identify with the conditions in the Peruvian equivalent that Vargas Llosa describes in excruciating detail From the universal use of nicknames half of them derogatory, the other half salacious to the continuous, and often very creative, scheming to evade and outwit authority, to the intentional promotion of sadistic and vulgar brutality in the name of camaraderie, I find myself re living the most painful, and painfully consequential, period of my life.A rather disturbing transformation takes place in high testosterone young males when confined together, voluntarily or not, and subjected to a highly regimented daily routine that is strictly enforced Essentially they become amoral every unregulated flaw, neurosis, or hiatus of maturity becomes exaggerated and enlarged in their resistance to a pervasive and arbitrary authority And this regardless of their religious or ethical background As Vargas Llosa has one of his characters muse about himself,Sometimes he could go for several days following a routine that made all the decisions for him, gently nudging him into actions he hardly notedI think the reason for this sort of demonic spiritual ennui lies in the deprivation of not simply physical freedom, but in the case of a military academy the insistence upon the development of an attitude of extreme social dependence The result is a kind of hypnosisThis place isn t an Academy, it s a prison,says one of its officers But not even prison puts the demand of spiritual conformity on its inmates, who are only expected to obey, not to admire, the violent ethos of their organization In the military academy one becomes a stranger not only to one s body as it is constantly stressed by activities that are meant to be tortuous, but also a stranger to one s mind which is the real target of military indoctrination As one of the officers in charge of the Peruvian academy exhorts his charges,In the army, Cadets, you ve got to have respect for symbols, damn itThis process of ideological formation continues for a full year without respite until one is expected to adopt the role of formateur , and do what was done to oneself, to others.This intensive indoctrination, which is explicitly meant to dis inhibit whatever ethical reservations one has about military service, is direct and unambiguous For example if any member of a unit screws up, all suffer And all are informed why they suffer and who is to blame The effect of collective guilt is invariable the weakest in the unit, those who typically screw up, are persecuted by the group until they measure up or leave If weakness is not found, it is fabricated in order to facilitate the system Vargas Llosa knows the routine for creating a victimHe was normal enough when he got here to the Academy, but you and the others gave him such a hard time you made an idiot out of him Both the physical and psychological therapy are carried out by those who are only slightly older andmature than those over whom one has charge These leaders have only recently undergone the same regime that they are expected to execute The only training they receive is what they have undergone as victims one or two years previously They believe, because they are taught, that it is their duty to become figures of unpredictable and sadistic authority to those subordinate to themselves Not infrequently, given a lack of experience, judgement, and conscience, their sadism becomes literal and is carried beyond the merely symbolic And since there are severe restrictions on the access of adults experienced officers who could supervise the application of punishments to the barracks, it is not unusual for discipline to get grossly out of hand As one of the protagonists points outThe officers don t know anything about what goes on in the barracksThey are absentee warders who prefer not to know the details of barracks life lest they be held accountable The lunatics do run the asylum.Vargas Llosa captures this unique and uniquely primitive sociology of barely controlled violence so accurately that it gives me flashbacks I have no idea whether conditions have altered very much in these institutions in recent decades I doubt, though, that its essential intimidation and post adolescent cruelty has been questioned To eliminate these would be to abolish its core.After a lifetime of experience in other business, academic and social institutions, I have encountered this kind of existence no where else Its purpose remains a mystery to me since any practice of its s outside its walls, even in the regular military, would be met with derision and resistance During the VietNam war, my own epoch, young, motivated West Point graduates were taught the limits of their academy ethos by fragging in the field, that is, the killing of an officer by his own men In The Time if the Hero, the inadvertent escape of the academy s threatens to destroy the entire Peruvian military As the secret of its deptavity becomes public, the entire institution is compromised.My experience suggests that the outing of the military academy is a good thing It deserves institutional criticism and castigation I have never perceived that the experience of the military academy regime is in any way useful in building what is typically called character The academy is an uncivilized existence which has no points of contact with family, business, or social life Studies have shown that success during one s academy training are entirely uncorrelated with one s advancement in the service, much less one s broader success or satisfaction in life Rather, the reason that the sociology continues to exist, to the extent that it does, is that it has existed This is known as tradition, we do it to them because it was done to us Tradition, from the Latin root tradere, a word connoting simultaneously passing on and betrayal Both Vargas Llosa and I have little doubt about which interpretation isappropriate Tradition is simply a rationalization for continuing abuse I note with considerable dismay how many of my colleagues from those long gone days support the kind of systematic political bullying of the current White House Finally, they appear to believe, they have a Commander in Chief worthy of their own training and civic ideals The effects of indoctrination are indeed penetrating and long lived.Vargas Llosa s epigram from Jean Paul Sartre neatly summarizes our common experience of the institution of the military academy and its consequences for the society that harbors itWe play the part of heroes because we re cowards, the part of saints because we re wicked we play the killer s role because we re dying to murder our fellow man we play at being because we re liars from the moment we re bornPerhaps the academy is, as Vargas Llosa implies in the way he presents his narrative alternately inside and outside its walls, merely aintense, a concentrated version, as it were, of the male dominated society that moulds it

  2. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    La ciudad y los perros The City and the Dogs The Time of the Hero, Mario Vargas Llosa The Time of the Hero is a 1963 novel by Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa, who won the Nobel Prize in 2010 It was Vargas Llosa s first novel and is set among the cadets at the Leoncio Prado Military Academy in Lima, which he attended as a teenager The novel portrays the school so scathingly that its leadership burned a large number of copies and condemned the book as Ecuadorian propaganda against Peru La ciudad y los perros The City and the Dogs The Time of the Hero, Mario Vargas Llosa The Time of the Hero is a 1963 novel by Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa, who won the Nobel Prize in 2010 It was Vargas Llosa s first novel and is set among the cadets at the Leoncio Prado Military Academy in Lima, which he attended as a teenager The novel portrays the school so scathingly that its leadership burned a large number of copies and condemned the book as Ecuadorian propaganda against Peru 2006 1382 1384 560 9643512134 20

  3. Michael Finocchiaro Michael Finocchiaro says:

    Mario Vargas Llosa s first book, based on his own experiences in a military academy, is a great read and certainly demonstrates the qualities of writing that he used later and that eventually earned him a deserved Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010 The narration is non linear and post modern in that the voice shifts from 3rd person to 1st person and the story is told from several perspectives at once What looks like a relatively simple story of revenge becomes something much bigger the condi Mario Vargas Llosa s first book, based on his own experiences in a military academy, is a great read and certainly demonstrates the qualities of writing that he used later and that eventually earned him a deserved Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010 The narration is non linear and post modern in that the voice shifts from 3rd person to 1st person and the story is told from several perspectives at once What looks like a relatively simple story of revenge becomes something much bigger the conditioning of young men into thoughtless soldiers, the appalling way that men treated women in Peru I suppose that hasn t changed , the hypocrisy of upper command which always protects reputation above everything else, the desperation of being bullied and the inevitable creation of bulliedThe primary character Alberto has incredible depth and is a rather obvious standin for Vargas Llosa himself The captain Gamboa is not the person who we think he is and is drawn out perfectly The one confusing bit to me was the focus on the Boa character and why he had an allegiance to the Jaguar This is a rather minor point however because the entire narrative is captivating There are truly moments when the reader feels he is walking in Lima and its suburbs and the descriptions of life at the academy are frankly terrifying The Leoncio Military Academy exists in real life and was so scandalized by the book that they burned 100 copies of it shen it came out.Another interesting aspect of The Time of the Hero is racism Peru was of course created from the wreckage of the Spanish conquering of the Incas by Pizarro and subsequent local wars that carved out the modern states of Columbia, Paraguay, Ecuador, and Chile When Gamboa comes to see the Jaguar in lockup, he is surprised that the boy is not a half breed like most of the kids in the Academy There is another narrative earlier in the book, although it was hard for me to understand if it concerned Alberto or the Jaguar or someone else, where the family is a bit surprised to send this apparently white kid into the academy which they perceived as being full of half breeds and savages Now, I have unfortunately never visited Peru, but I have had several Peruvian friends over the years, so I know that by half breed , they are referring to descendants of the Spanish colonists with the descendants of the various tribes that survived after the fall of the Incas There is a sense of derision whenever the poorer people from the mountains the Indians when references to them are made I recall that, indeed, there was this sense of superiority in Peruvian whites over the people with Indian origins such as the Cava who is ignominously humiliated and rejected from the school with hardly any sign of sadness or regret from his co cadets And added to this was the even worse stigma attached to people of black skin like the Slave and Verano in the academy Vargas Llosa was describing a four tiered system of prejudice with whites at the top, half breeds next down, pure Indians, and then descendants of slaves with black skin at the bottom There were also references to Chinese immigrants but they wereof a commercial nature and not really referred to in the social hierarchy Again, having no knowledge of Lima and how the neighbourhoods are populated, numerous references are made to the apparentlyaffluent Miraflores quarter with its beaches compared to the less attractive suburbs and slums from which characters like the Boa originated This is another interesting layer to the portrait that Vargas Llosa paints of the Lima of his youth.This book also reminded me of Cat and Mouse by fellow Nobel laureate Gunter Grass where Grass describes life in a Nazi Youth school Equally brutal and deadly another awesome book if you have not read it yet.I would highly recommend The Time of the Hero to fans of Vargas Llosa although it would be better to read Aunt Julia or The Feast of the Goats to get a better feel for his style before this book, because I enjoyed learning about him after reading hismature work This was my 5th book of his, but certainly not my last He is quickly rising in my favorite authors list, at least tied with Marquez now

  4. Ali Ali says:

    When ever I come to names such as Llosa , Borges , Cortazar , Fuentes I wish I knew Spanish language, as I m sure works by these authors would have a different aroma and melody in their own tongues Llosa is, for me, one of the greatest story tellers, whose works give me deliciousness in Persian as well, if it s translated by Abdollah Kowsari, for example Mario Vargas Llosa uses a highly sophisticated techniques with a very delicate language in multiple viewpoint, as if I m listening When ever I come to names such as Llosa , Borges , Cortazar , Fuentes I wish I knew Spanish language, as I m sure works by these authors would have a different aroma and melody in their own tongues Llosa is, for me, one of the greatest story tellers, whose works give me deliciousness in Persian as well, if it s translated by Abdollah Kowsari, for example Mario Vargas Llosa uses a highly sophisticated techniques with a very delicate language in multiple viewpoint, as if I m listening to Sare , my childhood story tellers whom supposed to drown me in sleep, but was keeping me awake instead Llosa takes you to a place, and while you get used to the situation, become a bit relax, he leaves you for another situation, another character in another place, force you to follow him as a sleepwalker, burning of curiosity, apprehension and restlessness, while he continue to make new situations with new chracters out of nothing, absolutely relax with a smile on his lips He doesn t explain the characters, but procreates them and leave them on your lap, and disappears

  5. Ana Ana says:

    Llosa s ability to build a world brick by brick is legendary,so because every brick is dripping in character He can describe a feeling or a look or a way of talking like no other His characters are wonderfully complex creations that populate a world so flawed, you are amazed it s still standing It took a little time to read through this work, because in typical South American fashion, his literature is complicated to digest I only recommend it to readers with patience, and who like det Llosa s ability to build a world brick by brick is legendary,so because every brick is dripping in character He can describe a feeling or a look or a way of talking like no other His characters are wonderfully complex creations that populate a world so flawed, you are amazed it s still standing It took a little time to read through this work, because in typical South American fashion, his literature is complicated to digest I only recommend it to readers with patience, and who like detailed descriptions of emotion, or are otherwise inclined to like literature in its most technical form Those readers would be rewarded with a very good story and a geniuns ending

  6. K.D. Absolutely K.D. Absolutely says:

    First published in 1963, The Time of the Hero made the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature winner, a Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa as a new promising novelist It is about the life of graduating cadets at a military school in Lima, Peru Llosa s narration is so vivid as he uses his words very carefully and takes pain in describing his characters and the scenarios You will have the feeling of being one of the cadets walking in the same corridor, performing the same drills or even standing in the dark First published in 1963, The Time of the Hero made the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature winner, a Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa as a new promising novelist It is about the life of graduating cadets at a military school in Lima, Peru Llosa s narration is so vivid as he uses his words very carefully and takes pain in describing his characters and the scenarios You will have the feeling of being one of the cadets walking in the same corridor, performing the same drills or even standing in the dark witnessing a crime or corruption but keeping your mouth shut for fear of retribution from The Circle Fear for your life Fear for failing the dreams of your poor parents of not graduating and seeing their son graduate from the prestigious yet so corrupt school.One lacking star because I did not have any, first or second hand, experience in military school All I tried to imagine while reading was the 1979 movie of the late Lino Brocka, Kadete One of the lesser known movies of the late director, the movie also tackles the the life inside the military school, Philippine Military Academy in Baguio City in the 70 s It also has flashbacks, just like in the book, of the cadets lives before joining the academy In the book my favorite was the life of Alberto particularly his humble poor family and his first sexual experience with a prostitute Not that I can relate but it was just funny.They say that to win Nobel Prize for Literature, the novelist has to write works with political messages or undertones This is true for Llosa even in his first this novel When published in 1963, the Peruvian generals burned 1,000 copies of the book and asked the government to ban it The reason It was very accurate in its depiction of what is going on inside the school The reason Llosa was a former cadet in that school so he knew what he was writing about.Overall, not a mind blowing read but it gives you a glimpse of the future Nobel laureate.Looking forward to readof Llosa in the many months or years to come Don t die yet, Mr Llosa

  7. Shaimaa Ali Shaimaa Ali says:

    Llosa has deceived me in this novel It has a very slow start, lots of characters similar to the Feast Of the Goat , going back forth I was asking myself Why am I reading all this I hate chit chatting and excessive details till I ve finished half the book and I was raging of dissatisfaction Then the second part of the novel has started and it was a drastic change I got to understand the depths of the main characters, how they became mature through the years and even after finishing thei Llosa has deceived me in this novel It has a very slow start, lots of characters similar to the Feast Of the Goat , going back forth I was asking myself Why am I reading all this I hate chit chatting and excessive details till I ve finished half the book and I was raging of dissatisfaction Then the second part of the novel has started and it was a drastic change I got to understand the depths of the main characters, how they became mature through the years and even after finishing their academic studies starting their own career Not only he managed to illustrate how tough a military academy life could be, but he also illustrated the corruption going on there On the humanitarian level, I was fascinated by that part I was thinking of one character it turned out to be totally another one In that part Llosa was like a magician..he deceived his readers, he twisted fates but he didn t forget to bring a happy ending almost to all.Llosa the fascination of storytelling

  8. Jim Jim says:

    The Time of the Hero in Spanish, The City and the Dogs is Mario Vargas Llosa s first novel, published in 1963 It is the tale of several cadets at a military academy called the Collegio Militar Leoncio Prado CMLP Halfway into the book, I was surprised to see that the CMLP actually exists When Vargas Llosa s book was published, the Academy bought and destroyed a thousand copies, because they thought only their enemies the Ecuadorians could have played such a dirty trick on them Now, fifty The Time of the Hero in Spanish, The City and the Dogs is Mario Vargas Llosa s first novel, published in 1963 It is the tale of several cadets at a military academy called the Collegio Militar Leoncio Prado CMLP Halfway into the book, I was surprised to see that the CMLP actually exists When Vargas Llosa s book was published, the Academy bought and destroyed a thousand copies, because they thought only their enemies the Ecuadorians could have played such a dirty trick on them Now, fifty years on, the CMLP s website actually brags about it The story is told from the point of view primarily of one of the cadets, Alberto Fernandez Temple He befriends a classmate named Ricardo Arana who is persecuted by the other cadets and never gets any leave time because of it Out of frustration, he turns in a fellow classmate for having stolen a chemistry exam That classmate, Cava, is drummed out of the Academy When, at the next military maneuvers, Arana is shot and killed, the books seems to plunge forward at great speed Involved is another student called only the Jaguar Things even get a little confusing, when, in the Epilogue, it seems that some of the events described earlier did not involve Alberto, although I thought they did The ending is something of a surprise, which I do not intend to spoil.Like other stories involving the military, irrespective where they were written, the officers at the Academy areintent on paving over any problems rather than confronting them directly At the end, the most sympathetic of the officers at the Academy, Lieutenant Gamboa, is forcibly transferred transferred to Juliaca in the Andes because he tried too hard to investigate the death of Arana and the misdeeds of the cadets That discomfited the commanding officers, who promptly punish him for his fanatical devotion to duty

  9. Jan-Maat Jan-Maat says:

    Novel set in a military academy, I guess in Peru, and utilising multiple points of view to tell a the story of a class of cadets and the events that include the death of one of the cadets The technique is deliberately disorienting, so much so that when I read it I couldn t succeed in distinguishing the characters the names by which they are known in school are nom de Guerre, when on leave or in a different PoV section other names, possibly those given to them by parents, are used the points Novel set in a military academy, I guess in Peru, and utilising multiple points of view to tell a the story of a class of cadets and the events that include the death of one of the cadets The technique is deliberately disorienting, so much so that when I read it I couldn t succeed in distinguishing the characters the names by which they are known in school are nom de Guerre, when on leave or in a different PoV section other names, possibly those given to them by parents, are used the points of view change without warning or signal from one paragraph to the next as far as I recall Anyway in all this mess, unsurprisingly someone had blundered view spoiler as indeed tends to happen from time to time in such institutions hide spoiler and one of the children dies

  10. David David says:

    Stunningly brilliant One of the best books I have read this year and I have had a great year.I heard many things about this book including the brutality and the sordid lives of cadets in a military school so I can t say I was eager to read But then it is Mario Vargas Llosa and this was his first book and my twentieth book of his So I began and could not put it down even when I was sick for a week For anyone who hasn t read Vargas Llosa, I would recommend this book.The characters are ve Stunningly brilliant One of the best books I have read this year and I have had a great year.I heard many things about this book including the brutality and the sordid lives of cadets in a military school so I can t say I was eager to read But then it is Mario Vargas Llosa and this was his first book and my twentieth book of his So I began and could not put it down even when I was sick for a week For anyone who hasn t read Vargas Llosa, I would recommend this book.The characters are very real very lifelike In part because it was based on his own life as a military cadet I heard a podcast with him on Writers and Company where he stated that the school was good for him because it gave him the fuel for his story not so good for him at the time because he went through so much of what was in the story Good for us because it made one great story.Alberto the hero the book in English is known as In the Time of the Hero is not always a good hero but he does have a good heart He befriends Slave and sadly sees his friend s demise in a secret world where the cadets get away with murder literally and the military leaders of the school always come up looking rosie , and if not, that military person gets a transfer to some obscure place I also heard that when Vargas Llosa won an award for his novel, the military school that the book was based on, bought 1000 copies and publicly burned them Good way to start a novelist s career.This book was written 50 years ago and introduced us to a world that still exists even today and very sad for us This book is very relevant today An amazing read

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