Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese

Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese

Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans, Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, California: Photographs from the Library of Congress Collection [Read] ➵ Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans, Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, California: Photographs from the Library of Congress Collection Author Ansel Adams – Capitalsoftworks.co.uk It was In Yosemite National Park, the magnificent Ahwahnee Hotel closed its doors to tourists, transformed into a temporary Naval convalescent hospital Wartime shortages forced the rationing of gasol It wasIn Yosemite National Park, the magnificent and Equal: MOBI î Ahwahnee Hotel closed its doors to tourists, transformed into Born Free Kindle - a temporary Naval convalescent hospital Wartime shortages forced the rationing of gasoline, sugar, and film Living with Free and Equal: eBook ¸ his wife, Virginia Best Adams and their children in Yosemite Valley, Ansel Adams, sought ways to help with the war effort Too old to enlist, he volunteered for for a number of assignments in which his photographic skills were put to the country s use Among his contributions, he both escorted and photographed Army troops at Yosemite training for mountain warfare in Europe he taught photography to the Signal Corps at Fort Ord, and traveled to the Presidio in San Francisco to print classified photographs of Japanese military installations on the Aleutian Islands Despite his volunteer efforts, he was frustrated that he could not do to help the war effortThat summer, friend Ralph Merritt asked Adams if he would be interested in creating a photographic record of a little known government facility in the Owens Valley, on the east side of the Sierra Nevada I cannot pay you a cent, Merritt told Adams, but I can put you up and feed you Merritt was director of the Manzanar War Relocation Center, a collection of hundreds of tar paper barracks hastily built to house than , people, behind barbed wire and gun towers All were of Japanese Ancestry, but most were American citizens, forcibly removed from their homes to ten relocation centers across the country by presidential order The resulting effort was the book Born Free and Equal The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans published by US Camera inunder the direction of the War Relocation Authority While at Manzanar, Adams met Toyo Miyatake, the official camp photographer, interned with his wife and children A student of the great photographer, Edward Weston, Miyatake had established his own respected professional photography studio in Los Angeles before the war In the introduction to this book, Miyatake s son, Archie, who was thenyears old, recalls the visit made so long ago In , Adams wrote in a letter to Dr Edgar Brietenbach at the Library of Congress I think this Manzanar Collection is an important historical document and I trust it can be put to good use With the goal of realizing that good use, Spotted Dog Press presents Born Free and Equal to new generations of Americans who may come to a better understanding of a distant incident in our recent history that should not be forgotten.


10 thoughts on “Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans, Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, California: Photographs from the Library of Congress Collection

  1. Jennifer Kim Jennifer Kim says:

    I am not Japanese In fact, I m Korean, but as I opened this book, my eyes kept tearing up This is not an emotional book, but the question that I ve asked since high school has made me tear up, once again The question is how, how could these men volunteer to fight of a country that, in all actuality stripped them of their citizenship and found them of guilty of things they haven t even thought of doing The American government had taken their homes, their livelihood, and their place in the s I am not Japanese In fact, I m Korean, but as I opened this book, my eyes kept tearing up This is not an emotional book, but the question that I ve asked since high school has made me tear up, once again The question is how, how could these men volunteer to fight of a country that, in all actuality stripped them of their citizenship and found them of guilty of things they haven t even thought of doing The American government had taken their homes, their livelihood, and their place in the society Their families were forced to live behind barbed wire fences when these men willingly and bravely fought for the country which had put them there How How could they have done that I wish I could say I d do the same, but even now, my answer, when it comes down to it is I don t know I m afraid my heart is not big enough to forgive them So, I read this book in matter of hours yes, it s a short book full of gorgeous pictures In the earlier pages, next to forward, there s a picture of a beautiful girl The caption says An American school girl and I m crying I thank Ansel Adams for his humanity.I ve known the story about 442nd combat team since high school My high school was very good about bringing survivors Holocaust week or participants Japanese internment for special talks And fortunately for me, one of my best friends from high school was Japanese and her father generously shared his own stories I ll get back to what I remember most of his stories, but for now, I ll be getting back to 442nd.The 442nd Regimental Combat Team of the United States Army was a regimental size fighting unit composed almost entirely of American soldiers of Japanese descent who volunteered to fight in World War II even though their families were subject to internment The 442nd, beginning in 1944, fought primarily in Europe during World War II The 442nd was a self sufficient force, and fought with uncommon distinction in Italy, southern France, and Germany The 442nd is considered to be the most decorated infantry regiment in the history of the United States Army The 442nd was awarded eight Presidential Unit Citations and twenty one of its members were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II The 442nd Regimental Combat Team motto was, Go for Broke From Wikipedia This is one of those books I d list as a must read for everyone Not because of its plot, writing, character development, dialogue, etc., but for its content This book contains beautiful Ansel Adams photos, but that s not the reason This is a story that every American should try to remember, just as the Germans try not to bury holocaust in the annals of their history After having read the book, I think I understand the reason, at least a little bit The simple answer is the dignity of the Japanese Americans interned in Mazanar They, as a group, took the high road when everything around them imploded and turned ugly How they were treated by their government didn t warrant them losing sight of their own dignity and respect No matter what happened, they d be true to the values they were born to and raised with When I read about a mother whose five sons were in the American Armed services fighting in the European theater, I prayed for her sons of course, the absurdity is that they might have survived the war and all died of old age I don t know why this book affected me this way, but it did.A couple of years ago, yet another movie about Nazi atrocities came out in theaters, and I asked a friend of mine who had come to America to study then married I asked her what she thought of yet another movie Didn t she get tired of this German bashing I d get tired of it if I had to see a movie about Nazi atrocities every couple of years And she said, she didn t mind at all In fact, she felt that it s every German s responsibility to remember the holocaust so that it could never happen again, not only in Germany, but anywhere else in the world because there will be a German voice protesting it I found this very inspirational.As Americans, we need to follow suit We need to look squarely into the past and see what we ve done, what we still fail to do today, and what concrete steps we must take to make sure nothing like this will ever happen again here.Additional note The people who were at the Manzanar internment camp were those who chose to sign the loyalty oath Those who refused to sign the loyalty oath were sent elsewhere Most of those who didn t sign the oath believed that the government had broken the sacred contract with them first which I whole heartedly agree , and not because they were Japanese agents waiting for opportunities to sabotage the west coast Later, after the war, it was revealed that most of the intel on America that the Japanese had were in fact from the Germans, rather than anyone from America


  2. Valarie Valarie says:

    A beautiful and moving series of photographs, especially considering the time when it was first published The only downside was that Ansel Adams wrote all the text, and while he is an inspiring photographer, his attempts to describe the political and social climate of Japanese internment camps just come off as pretentious.


  3. Bernadette Bernadette says:

    Ansel Adams is renown for his magnificent landscape and nature photos, but a series of his portraits and storytelling photos came to my attention after viewing a recent exhibit at the Crocker Art Museum Two Views Photographs by Ansel Adams and Leonard Frank opened on the 75th anniversary of President Roosevelt s Executive Order 9066 which enabled the U.S Government to relocate incarcerate 120,000 Americans of Japanese heritage during WWII In 1943 Adams, who knew the director of the Manzanar Ansel Adams is renown for his magnificent landscape and nature photos, but a series of his portraits and storytelling photos came to my attention after viewing a recent exhibit at the Crocker Art Museum Two Views Photographs by Ansel Adams and Leonard Frank opened on the 75th anniversary of President Roosevelt s Executive Order 9066 which enabled the U.S Government to relocate incarcerate 120,000 Americans of Japanese heritage during WWII In 1943 Adams, who knew the director of the Manzanar Relocation Center in the southern California desert, asked to come and take photos of the 10,000 people living in the center His goal was to show the industriousness, loyalty, perseverance and ordinary family life of the people, most of whom were American citizens, many well educated and trained as lawyers, teachers and nurses, as well as skilled mechanics, secretaries, farmers and businessmen With his own resources, Adams published Born Free and Equal, using his own text and striking photos to show individuals with the same hopes and dreams as other Americans whose lives also had been affected by the war Those in the camp wanted to educate their children, support their loved ones in the military and live a life with freedom of choice Adams point was that in America people are to be judged as individuals not as a group I believe Adams hoped his book would pave the way for the Japanese as they eventually were freed to start new lives elsewhere Born Free and Equal was controversial not everyone agreed with his views and continued to harbor prejudice The edition I read was not the original but one published in 2002 by the Manzanar Committee, Friends of the Eastern California Museum It contains several interesting new essays by individuals photographed by Adams as well as a few new photos It was Adams original portraits, however, that really moved me the joyful humanity and hope he captured during this difficult time is amazing memorable faces looking directly at the viewer


  4. Myra Scholze Myra Scholze says:

    Interesting account of Japanese internment during WWII, photographed and written by Ansel Adams I really enjoyed Adems writing He was ahead of his time in opinion, but I m curious to read additional accounts from Japanese perspective, as this book definitely had political aims and is likely quite glazing over many of the less enjoyable aspects Awful time in US history we have quite a few of those.


  5. Sarah Crawford Sarah Crawford says:

    When doing research on Japanese American internment it is always a good thing to go through books that were produced at that time Books written later are always done in hindsight, of course, and you can lose some of the strong feeling that issues evoked when they were being faced on a daily basis.This book was published in 1944 and deals with the Manzanar internment center but also has material relating to the issue of internment in general.One thing that got my interest and attention right of When doing research on Japanese American internment it is always a good thing to go through books that were produced at that time Books written later are always done in hindsight, of course, and you can lose some of the strong feeling that issues evoked when they were being faced on a daily basis.This book was published in 1944 and deals with the Manzanar internment center but also has material relating to the issue of internment in general.One thing that got my interest and attention right off was a quote from a letter from Abraham Lincoln to someone named Joshua Speed, dated 1855 As a nation we began by declaring that all men are created equal We now practically read it all men are created equal, except Negroes When the Know Nothings get control, it will read all men are created equal, except Negroes and foreigners and Catholics When it comes to this, I shall prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretense of loving libertywhere despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocrisy That s a pretty powerful statement, at least in my opinion.Another interesting quote is from Harold L Ickes, Secretary of the Interior in 1944 It has long been my belief that the greatness of American has arisen in large part out of the diversity of her peoples Before the war, peoples of Japanese ancestry were a small but valuable element in our population Their record of law abiding, industrious citizenship was surpassed by no other group Their contribution to the arts, agriculture, and science were indisputable evidence that the majority of them believed in America and were growing with America It is my prayer that other Americans will fully realize that to condone the whittling away of the rights of any one minority group is to pave the way for us all to lose the guarantees of the Constitution The book also notes a quote from FDR Americanism is a matter of the mind and heart Americanism is not, and never was, a matter of race or ancestry The book goes into a description of the camp, noting that it covered 5,700 acres Residential areas covered 620 acres, composed of 36 blocks, each block containing around 16 barracks, a central mess hall, lavatories and service buildings There were three to five apartments in each barracks, and the barracks were separated by large areas to set up a firebreak in case of a fire Any major fire could have totally destroyed the camp and killed many people otherwise Later in the book it s pointed out that the barracks lacked running water


  6. Jen Jen says:

    I m currently reading this ISBN, which is a 44 page exhibition catalog for the 1984 Met show of Adams photographs, as well as a scanned, 112 page online version of Adams original text and photographs, available on the Library of Congress website Adams made many thoughtful portraits and documentary images of the Manzanar internment camp in California He opens this book with a letter by Abraham Lincoln, written August 24th, 1855 As a nation we began declaring that all men are created equal I m currently reading this ISBN, which is a 44 page exhibition catalog for the 1984 Met show of Adams photographs, as well as a scanned, 112 page online version of Adams original text and photographs, available on the Library of Congress website Adams made many thoughtful portraits and documentary images of the Manzanar internment camp in California He opens this book with a letter by Abraham Lincoln, written August 24th, 1855 As a nation we began declaring that all men are created equal We now practically read it, all men are created equal, except Negroes When the Know Nothings get control, it will read All men are created equal, except Negroes and foreigners and Catholics When it comes to this, I shall prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretense of loving liberty


  7. Shannon Shannon says:

    An American willing to stand up for those wrongly imprisonedIt s a wonderful book, written within the time frame of the photos being taken A great insight into the person behind the camera.


  8. Linda Linda says:

    Sadly, these beautiful photographs are diminished by the fact that Adams chose to show only what supported the government position None of the hardship or discrimination is in evidence only the beauty of the Sierra and the strength of the Japanese Americans.


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10 thoughts on “Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans, Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, California: Photographs from the Library of Congress Collection

  1. Jennifer Kim Jennifer Kim says:

    I am not Japanese In fact, I m Korean, but as I opened this book, my eyes kept tearing up This is not an emotional book, but the question that I ve asked since high school has made me tear up, once again The question is how, how could these men volunteer to fight of a country that, in all actuality stripped them of their citizenship and found them of guilty of things they haven t even thought of doing The American government had taken their homes, their livelihood, and their place in the s I am not Japanese In fact, I m Korean, but as I opened this book, my eyes kept tearing up This is not an emotional book, but the question that I ve asked since high school has made me tear up, once again The question is how, how could these men volunteer to fight of a country that, in all actuality stripped them of their citizenship and found them of guilty of things they haven t even thought of doing The American government had taken their homes, their livelihood, and their place in the society Their families were forced to live behind barbed wire fences when these men willingly and bravely fought for the country which had put them there How How could they have done that I wish I could say I d do the same, but even now, my answer, when it comes down to it is I don t know I m afraid my heart is not big enough to forgive them So, I read this book in matter of hours yes, it s a short book full of gorgeous pictures In the earlier pages, next to forward, there s a picture of a beautiful girl The caption says An American school girl and I m crying I thank Ansel Adams for his humanity.I ve known the story about 442nd combat team since high school My high school was very good about bringing survivors Holocaust week or participants Japanese internment for special talks And fortunately for me, one of my best friends from high school was Japanese and her father generously shared his own stories I ll get back to what I remember most of his stories, but for now, I ll be getting back to 442nd.The 442nd Regimental Combat Team of the United States Army was a regimental size fighting unit composed almost entirely of American soldiers of Japanese descent who volunteered to fight in World War II even though their families were subject to internment The 442nd, beginning in 1944, fought primarily in Europe during World War II The 442nd was a self sufficient force, and fought with uncommon distinction in Italy, southern France, and Germany The 442nd is considered to be the most decorated infantry regiment in the history of the United States Army The 442nd was awarded eight Presidential Unit Citations and twenty one of its members were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II The 442nd Regimental Combat Team motto was, Go for Broke From Wikipedia This is one of those books I d list as a must read for everyone Not because of its plot, writing, character development, dialogue, etc., but for its content This book contains beautiful Ansel Adams photos, but that s not the reason This is a story that every American should try to remember, just as the Germans try not to bury holocaust in the annals of their history After having read the book, I think I understand the reason, at least a little bit The simple answer is the dignity of the Japanese Americans interned in Mazanar They, as a group, took the high road when everything around them imploded and turned ugly How they were treated by their government didn t warrant them losing sight of their own dignity and respect No matter what happened, they d be true to the values they were born to and raised with When I read about a mother whose five sons were in the American Armed services fighting in the European theater, I prayed for her sons of course, the absurdity is that they might have survived the war and all died of old age I don t know why this book affected me this way, but it did.A couple of years ago, yet another movie about Nazi atrocities came out in theaters, and I asked a friend of mine who had come to America to study then married I asked her what she thought of yet another movie Didn t she get tired of this German bashing I d get tired of it if I had to see a movie about Nazi atrocities every couple of years And she said, she didn t mind at all In fact, she felt that it s every German s responsibility to remember the holocaust so that it could never happen again, not only in Germany, but anywhere else in the world because there will be a German voice protesting it I found this very inspirational.As Americans, we need to follow suit We need to look squarely into the past and see what we ve done, what we still fail to do today, and what concrete steps we must take to make sure nothing like this will ever happen again here.Additional note The people who were at the Manzanar internment camp were those who chose to sign the loyalty oath Those who refused to sign the loyalty oath were sent elsewhere Most of those who didn t sign the oath believed that the government had broken the sacred contract with them first which I whole heartedly agree , and not because they were Japanese agents waiting for opportunities to sabotage the west coast Later, after the war, it was revealed that most of the intel on America that the Japanese had were in fact from the Germans, rather than anyone from America

  2. Valarie Valarie says:

    A beautiful and moving series of photographs, especially considering the time when it was first published The only downside was that Ansel Adams wrote all the text, and while he is an inspiring photographer, his attempts to describe the political and social climate of Japanese internment camps just come off as pretentious.

  3. Bernadette Bernadette says:

    Ansel Adams is renown for his magnificent landscape and nature photos, but a series of his portraits and storytelling photos came to my attention after viewing a recent exhibit at the Crocker Art Museum Two Views Photographs by Ansel Adams and Leonard Frank opened on the 75th anniversary of President Roosevelt s Executive Order 9066 which enabled the U.S Government to relocate incarcerate 120,000 Americans of Japanese heritage during WWII In 1943 Adams, who knew the director of the Manzanar Ansel Adams is renown for his magnificent landscape and nature photos, but a series of his portraits and storytelling photos came to my attention after viewing a recent exhibit at the Crocker Art Museum Two Views Photographs by Ansel Adams and Leonard Frank opened on the 75th anniversary of President Roosevelt s Executive Order 9066 which enabled the U.S Government to relocate incarcerate 120,000 Americans of Japanese heritage during WWII In 1943 Adams, who knew the director of the Manzanar Relocation Center in the southern California desert, asked to come and take photos of the 10,000 people living in the center His goal was to show the industriousness, loyalty, perseverance and ordinary family life of the people, most of whom were American citizens, many well educated and trained as lawyers, teachers and nurses, as well as skilled mechanics, secretaries, farmers and businessmen With his own resources, Adams published Born Free and Equal, using his own text and striking photos to show individuals with the same hopes and dreams as other Americans whose lives also had been affected by the war Those in the camp wanted to educate their children, support their loved ones in the military and live a life with freedom of choice Adams point was that in America people are to be judged as individuals not as a group I believe Adams hoped his book would pave the way for the Japanese as they eventually were freed to start new lives elsewhere Born Free and Equal was controversial not everyone agreed with his views and continued to harbor prejudice The edition I read was not the original but one published in 2002 by the Manzanar Committee, Friends of the Eastern California Museum It contains several interesting new essays by individuals photographed by Adams as well as a few new photos It was Adams original portraits, however, that really moved me the joyful humanity and hope he captured during this difficult time is amazing memorable faces looking directly at the viewer

  4. Myra Scholze Myra Scholze says:

    Interesting account of Japanese internment during WWII, photographed and written by Ansel Adams I really enjoyed Adems writing He was ahead of his time in opinion, but I m curious to read additional accounts from Japanese perspective, as this book definitely had political aims and is likely quite glazing over many of the less enjoyable aspects Awful time in US history we have quite a few of those.

  5. Sarah Crawford Sarah Crawford says:

    When doing research on Japanese American internment it is always a good thing to go through books that were produced at that time Books written later are always done in hindsight, of course, and you can lose some of the strong feeling that issues evoked when they were being faced on a daily basis.This book was published in 1944 and deals with the Manzanar internment center but also has material relating to the issue of internment in general.One thing that got my interest and attention right of When doing research on Japanese American internment it is always a good thing to go through books that were produced at that time Books written later are always done in hindsight, of course, and you can lose some of the strong feeling that issues evoked when they were being faced on a daily basis.This book was published in 1944 and deals with the Manzanar internment center but also has material relating to the issue of internment in general.One thing that got my interest and attention right off was a quote from a letter from Abraham Lincoln to someone named Joshua Speed, dated 1855 As a nation we began by declaring that all men are created equal We now practically read it all men are created equal, except Negroes When the Know Nothings get control, it will read all men are created equal, except Negroes and foreigners and Catholics When it comes to this, I shall prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretense of loving libertywhere despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocrisy That s a pretty powerful statement, at least in my opinion.Another interesting quote is from Harold L Ickes, Secretary of the Interior in 1944 It has long been my belief that the greatness of American has arisen in large part out of the diversity of her peoples Before the war, peoples of Japanese ancestry were a small but valuable element in our population Their record of law abiding, industrious citizenship was surpassed by no other group Their contribution to the arts, agriculture, and science were indisputable evidence that the majority of them believed in America and were growing with America It is my prayer that other Americans will fully realize that to condone the whittling away of the rights of any one minority group is to pave the way for us all to lose the guarantees of the Constitution The book also notes a quote from FDR Americanism is a matter of the mind and heart Americanism is not, and never was, a matter of race or ancestry The book goes into a description of the camp, noting that it covered 5,700 acres Residential areas covered 620 acres, composed of 36 blocks, each block containing around 16 barracks, a central mess hall, lavatories and service buildings There were three to five apartments in each barracks, and the barracks were separated by large areas to set up a firebreak in case of a fire Any major fire could have totally destroyed the camp and killed many people otherwise Later in the book it s pointed out that the barracks lacked running water

  6. Jen Jen says:

    I m currently reading this ISBN, which is a 44 page exhibition catalog for the 1984 Met show of Adams photographs, as well as a scanned, 112 page online version of Adams original text and photographs, available on the Library of Congress website Adams made many thoughtful portraits and documentary images of the Manzanar internment camp in California He opens this book with a letter by Abraham Lincoln, written August 24th, 1855 As a nation we began declaring that all men are created equal I m currently reading this ISBN, which is a 44 page exhibition catalog for the 1984 Met show of Adams photographs, as well as a scanned, 112 page online version of Adams original text and photographs, available on the Library of Congress website Adams made many thoughtful portraits and documentary images of the Manzanar internment camp in California He opens this book with a letter by Abraham Lincoln, written August 24th, 1855 As a nation we began declaring that all men are created equal We now practically read it, all men are created equal, except Negroes When the Know Nothings get control, it will read All men are created equal, except Negroes and foreigners and Catholics When it comes to this, I shall prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretense of loving liberty

  7. Shannon Shannon says:

    An American willing to stand up for those wrongly imprisonedIt s a wonderful book, written within the time frame of the photos being taken A great insight into the person behind the camera.

  8. Linda Linda says:

    Sadly, these beautiful photographs are diminished by the fact that Adams chose to show only what supported the government position None of the hardship or discrimination is in evidence only the beauty of the Sierra and the strength of the Japanese Americans.

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Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *